Norbert Lammert was the 12th President of the German Bundestag from 2005 to 2017 and a member of the Christian Democratic Union CDU.
Born in 1948 Norbert Lammert obtained his Abitur in Bochum in 1967 and after his military service in the Bundeswehr, he studied political science and modern history at Ruhr University Bochum and at the University of Oxford.
Having joined the CDU in 1966 Norbert started his political career postdoctoral in the city council of his hometown Bochum. In the following years, he had numerous posts within the North Rhine-Westphalian branch of his party before he was elected to the Bundestag in 1980. He has kept his mandate continuously until 2017. During his tenure in the Bundestag, he served on several committees.
Following the 2005 federal elections in which the CDU became the strongest party and formed a grand coalition with the Social Democratic Party, Norbert Lammert was elected by the Bundestag as its President. He received 564 of 607 votes cast, including most of the SPD’s votes. He was re-elected after the 2009 federal election as well as after the election in 2013.
In October 2016, Lammert announced that he would not stand in the 2017 federal elections but instead resigned from active politics by the end of the parliamentary term.
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